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Subjective assessment and instrumental prediction of mobile online gaming on the basis of perceptual dimensions

Motivation

The assessment of the perceived quality of the user (Quality of Experience) of pure audio and video material differs in many ways from the quality of computer games. The later possess a variety of factors due to their interactive nature. Not only factors of complex and innovative game systems have an impact on the QoE, but also the players themselves. A quality judgment, that results by comparing the expected and perceived composition of an entity, depends highly on the preferences, expectations and abilities of the player.

In this still young area of research standard methods for determining the QoE are not directly applicable. This is apparent since in a task oriented human-computer interaction the goal should be achieved with minimal effort. However in a game  the player exerts an effort in order to influence the outcome and thereby feels emotionally attached. Thus new concepts such as immersion and flow, a state of happiness while being in an equilibrium between competence and challenge, appear.

An analysis of the gaming market shows, that the proportion of mobile games has risen sharply in recent years. Mobile games are special in a sense that mobile devices such as smartphones or tablets were originally not designed for games and are therefore not optimally adapted to them. This also applies to the new concept of cloud gaming, where the entire game is executed on a server and only the video and audio material is transferred to the end user.

 

Aim of the project

The aim of this research project is to develop methods to assess the QoE of mobile games. In addition, based on a database containing subjective quality judgments, a model similar to the well known E-model should be constructed to predict the QoE. The following concrete steps are planned for this purpose:

  • Set up and modification of a testbed for conducting experiments including a cloud gaming system for mobile games
  • Development of a classification of games to choose representative games and identify system and user factors
  • Building a questionnaire covering a large space of relevant quality dimensions
  • Identification of quality-relevant perceptual dimensions and analysis of their impact on the overall quality
  • Analyzing the performance of current objective metrics which were proposed for different contents and services in mobile gaming
  • Building a QoE model based on game, system and network characteristics as well as user and context factors
Time Frame: 
01/2016 - 06/2019
T-labs Team Members:
Steven Schmidt
Funding by:
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
Project Number:
MO 1038/21-1

List of Publications

Quality Estimation Models for Gaming Video Streaming Services Using Perceptual Video Quality Dimensions
Citation key zadtootaghaj2020a
Author Zadtootaghaj, Saman and Schmidt, Steven and Sabet, Saeed Shafiee and Möller, Sebastian and Griwodz, Carsten
Title of Book Proceedings of the 11th ACM Multimedia Systems Conference
Pages 213–224
Year 2020
ISBN 9781450368452
DOI 10.1145/3339825.3391872
Location Istanbul, Turkey
Address New York, NY, USA
Month jun
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery
Series MMSys ’20
How Published Fullpaper
Abstract The gaming industry is one of the largest digital markets for decades and is steady developing as evident by new emerging gaming services such as gaming video streaming, online gaming, and cloud gaming. While the market is rapidly growing, the quality of these services depends strongly on network characteristics as well as resource management. With the advancement of encoding technologies such as hardware accelerated engines, fast encoding is possible for delay sensitive applications such as cloud gaming. Therefore, already existing video quality models do not offer a good performance for cloud gaming applications. Thus, in this paper, we provide a gaming video quality dataset that considers hardware accelerated engines for video compression using the H.264 standard. In addition, we investigate the performance of signal-based and parametric video quality models on the new gaming video dataset. Finally, we build two novel parametric-based models, a planning and a monitoring model, for gaming quality estimation. Both models are based on perceptual video quality dimensions and can be used to optimize the resource allocation of gaming video streaming services.
Link to publication Link to original publication Download Bibtex entry

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