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Reviewed Journal Papers by Sebastian Möller

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Single-trial analysis of the neural correlates of speech quality perception
Citation key porbadnigk2013a
Author Porbadnigk, Anne K. and Treder, Matthias and Blankertz, Benjamin and Antons, Jan-Niklas and Schleicher, Robert and Möller, Sebastian and Curio, Gabriel and Müller, Klaus-Robert
Pages 1–20
Year 2013
ISSN 1741-2552
DOI 10.1088/1741-2560/10/5/056003
Address Bristol, UK
Journal Journal of Neural Engineering
Volume 10
Number 5
Month jul
Note Electronic/online
Publisher IOP Publishing
How Published Full
Abstract Objective. Assessing speech quality perception is a challenge typically addressed in behavioral and opinion-seeking experiments. Only recently, neuroimaging methods were introduced, which were used to study the neural processing of quality at group level. However, our electroencephalography (EEG) studies show that the neural correlates of quality perception are highly individual. Therefore, it became necessary to establish dedicated machine learning methods for decoding subject-specific effects. Approach. The effectiveness of our methods is shown by the data of an EEG study that investigates how the quality of spoken vowels is processed neurally. Participants were asked to indicate whether they had perceived a degradation of quality (signal-correlated noise) in vowels, presented in an oddball paradigm. Main results. We find that the P3 amplitude is attenuated with increasing noise. Single-trial analysis allows one to show that this is partly due to an increasing jitter of the P3 component. A novel classification approach helps to detect trials with presumably non-conscious processing at the threshold of perception. We show that this approach uncovers a non-trivial confounder between neural hits and neural misses. Significance. The combined use of EEG signals and machine learning methods results in a significant 'neural' gain in sensitivity (in processing quality loss) when compared to standard behavioral evaluation; averaged over 11 subjects, this amounts to a relative improvement in sensitivity of 35%.
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