TU Berlin

Quality and Usability LabSteven Schmidt

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Steven Schmidt


Research Field

  • Quality of Experience (QoE) for Cloud Gaming Services
  • Engagement in Virtual Reality

Research Topics

  • Identification and quantification of perceptual quality dimensions for gaming QoE
  • Prediction of gaming QoE based on encoding and network parameters
  • Classification of game content
  • Crowdsourcing for gaming evaluation


Steven Schmidt received his M.Sc. degree in Electrical Engineering at the TU Berlin with a major in Communication Systems. Since 2016 he is employed as a research assistant at the Quality and Usability Lab where he is working towards a PhD in the field of Quality of Experience in Mobile Gaming. 


ITU-T SG12 Activities:

  • ITU-T Rec. G.1032 - Influence Factors on Gaming Quality of Experience (2017)
  • ITU-T Rec. P.809 - Subjective Evaluation Methods for Gaming Quality (2018)
  • ITU-T Rec. G.1072 - Opinion Model Predicting Gaming QoE for Cloud Gaming Services (2020)


Quality and Usability Lab
Technische Universität Berlin
Ernst-Reuter-Platz 7
D-10587 Berlin, Germany

Tel:  +49 151 12044969


Modeling Gaming QoE: Towards the Impact of Frame Rate and Bit Rate on Cloud Gaming
Citation key zadtootaghaj2018b
Author Zadtootaghaj, Saman and Schmidt, Steven and Möller, Sebastian
Title of Book 2018 Tenth International Conference on Quality of Multimedia Experience (QoMEX)
Pages 1–6
Year 2018
ISSN 2472-7814
DOI 10.1109/QoMEX.2018.8463416
Address Piscataway, NJ
Month may
Note electronic
Publisher IEEE
How Published full
Abstract Recent advances of streaming services and the upcoming new generation of mobile networks, 5G, offering low end-to-end delay as well as high bandwidths, promise a bright future for cloud gaming applications. Cloud gaming, in the contrary to traditional gaming services, suffers not only from system factors on the client, but is also affected significantly by the network, server specification and encoding parameters. In this paper, we present the results of a subjective experiment aiming to investigate the impact of two influencing factors, frame rate and bit rate, on the gaming Quality of Experience. The results reveal that a trade-off between an acceptable video quality and interaction quality exists. In case of very low bit rates, lowering the frame rate can improve the video quality while at some point, jerkiness becomes visible which affects the video quality negatively and the control over the game will be strongly reduced. Furthermore, even though in the gaming community a frame rate of 60 fps is desired, no significant difference for quality ratings, as well as performance ratings, was found between 60 fps and 25 fps. Therefore, it would be highly valuable for service providers to find an ideal strategy for this issue. In addition, we investigate the impact of video encoding on gaming experience dimensions. Finally, a first attempt to model the impact of two influencing factors on overall quality will be presented.
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